Special Issue 1

 

Issue Cover and Table of Contents

issue cover and table of contents


 

INVESTIGATION OF EMOTIONAL LEVELS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS TEACHERS (Sample of Aksaray Province)

YUSUF SOYLU

EMRE SERİN

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to examine the levels of emotional intelligence of physical education and sports teachers according to gender, age, years of service, and whether doing sports as professionally or not. Sampling group consisted of 223 physical education and sports teachers (154 males and 69 females) from secondary and high schools in Aksaray. In order to determine teachers’ emotional intelligence levels, the Schutte Emotional Intelligence Scale which was designed by Schutte et al. (1998) and revised as a 41 item questionnaire by Austin et al (2004) and adopted into Turkish by Tatar et al. (2011) was used. As a result, there was no significant difference between the emotional intelligence levels of physical education and sports teachers according to gender, age, years of service and perform sports professionally or not. Keywords: Emotional intelligence, Physical education and sports teacher, Sport

1-9


 

THE QUOTA RULE (AGE RESTRICTION) IN THE THIRD LEAGUE IN TERMS OF ACTORS (DRAMATIS PERSONAE) IN FOOTBALL

MERT KEREM ZELYURT

MUAZZEZ ŞAŞMAZ ATAÇOCUĞU

ABSTRACT

In 2016 it was seen that the “quota rule” (age restriction) which was put into practice in 2009 for the 3. League football teams in order to enable young players to have a better chance in squads and bring these players to the national teams have been changed because of not getting the desired results. In the study, the effects of 2009 quota rule which was established as a legal obligation to the football teams were examined in the extent of players, coaches, and the club managers (dramatis personae). The study was designed as “Semi-structured in-depth interview” (Qualitative Method) method. According to “Theoretical Sampling Method” the sample of the study was formed through 6 players, 4 club managers and 5 coaches all of which are active in the third football league. The interviews recorded in February 2017 and May 2017, which vary from 6 minutes to 29 minutes in length according to the samples, were converted into text and categorized under 4 themes in findings section. The themes are: 1. being dropped out of squad 2. Problems relating the squads and the quality of the football 3.The problem of player training in the third league for the national team and transfer mobility to upper leagues 4. The fall in wages, the problem of becoming unemployed and being obliged to play in the amateur football league. As it can be concluded from the themes which frame the narrations by the samples including different experiences considering their status and roles in terms of quota rule practice; some outcomes during the period in which the rule had been practiced (particularly due to the version before the change) were witnessed such as the deterioration in the quality of football, technical problems relating squads, the problem of vertical and horizontal professional mobility of the players and the fall in wages. In the last instance; it can be concluded that it is necessary to analyze legal sanctions relating a multivariate and intricate field such as football in terms of their possible multiple outcomes before putting them into practice. Considering this study, it is thought that analyzing the professional effects of legal changes to be made in order to regulate practices in football and other sports branches shall benefit both theoretically and for the sake of correct operation of the field of application. Key Words: Football, Age restriction (Age quota), National teams, Club managers, Third football league

10-28


 

THE EFFECT OF 8-WEEK CORE TRAINING ON 100 M BACKSTROKE SWIMMING PERFORMANCE ON 13-15 AGE MALE SWIMMERS

AHMET GÖNENER

DENİZ DEMİRCİ

UTKU GÖNENER

BEYZA ÖZER

OZAN YILMAZ

ABSTRACT

In this study, It was aimed to investigate the effect of 8-week core training on backstroke swimming style 100 m performance in male swimming group of 13-15 age group. 24 athletes from the Gebze Gençlerbirliği Swimming Club participated in this study. The groups are divided into experiment group and control group randomly as 12 persons per group. During the study, the experimental group participated in core training in addition to swimming for 3 days a week. Control group just participated in swimming training during the survey. The exercises were designed as strength training for core muscles for 8 weeks. 100 m swimming test was used as a test measurement tool. The obtained data from pre and post test comparison was analyzed with Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test in SPSS 21.0 statistical package program. When the pretest and posttest results were compared as intragroup, a statistically significant difference was found in the experimental group (p<.05). Nevertheless, there was no statistically significant difference in pretest-posttest comparison of the control group (p>.05). As a result, it was seen that the core area trained by 8-week core training on 13-15 age male swimmers have a positive effect on 100 m backstroke style performance. Key Words: Core training, Performance, Swimming

29-37


AN INVESTIGATION ON ADOLESCENTS’ SOCIAL APPEARANCE LEVELS (Sample of Kırıkkale Province)

YUSUF SOYLU

FATİH ATİK

MEHMET ÖÇALAN

ABSTRACT

This research was carried out on 335 students (170 males and 165 females) in Anatolian High School, Science High School and Sports High School in Kırıkkale. The aim of the study was to compare the social appearance anxiety levels according to gender, age, school and sporting / non-sporting variables of adolescents who did and did not perform sports. The research method was the Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SSI) scale. Hart et al. (2008) developed a self-report style measure designed to measure the emotional, cognitive, and behavioral anxieties experienced by an individual about appearance. The Turkish adaptation study of the scale was carried out by Doğan (2010). The Social Appearance Anxiety Scale is a measure of 16 items. High scores from the social anxiety scale, which measures social anxiety in one dimension, indicate that the anxiety of appearance is high. The Cronbach Alpha coefficient of your scale was .86 In the study, it was determined that the social appearance anxiety levels of adolescents did not show any significant difference according to age variable. It is seen that there is a significant difference according to the variables of the adolescents, gender, school and sporting/not doing. Keywords: Sport, Social appearance anxiety, Adolescent

38-45


EXAMINING OCCUPATIONAL ANXIETY LEVELS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS TEACHER DEPARTMENT STUDENTS

AYŞE FERAY ÖZBAL

ARIKAN EKTİRİCİ

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to examine the occupational anxiety levels of physical education and sports teacher department students in terms of age, gender, university, grade level, mother’s and father’s educational levels and family income. A total of 511 students (208 female, 303 male) from 6 different universities participated in the study. Independent samples t-test for gender and age variables; One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used for grade level, university, mother’s and father’s education levels and family income. Significant differences were found in Interaction With Students, Occupational Exam subscales in terms of gender; Interaction With Students and Individual Self-Development subscales in terms of age (p<.05). There was no significant difference according to university, mother’s and father’s education levels and family income variables (p>.05). As a result, It can be concluded that the significant difference between gender groups is derived from social values, and the difference in age groups is due to lack of occupational qualification. Keywords: Occupational anxiety, Physical education, Physical education and sports teacher

46-55

 


INVESTIGATION OF CONSTANT SELF CONFIDENCE LEVEL OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS WHO PARTICIPATE IN TEAM AND INDIVIDUAL SPORTS

TAYFUN KARA

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to examine the sportive self-confidence of high school students who engage in regular sports in terms of various variables. 210 high school students, who were randomly chosen, from Kutahya, voluntarily participated in the study. In the study, to collect data, in addition to a five items questionnaire which was developed by the researchers, “Constant Self Confident Scale”, which was adapted to Turkish by Yıldırım (2013) was used. In the analyses of the data in order to identify significant differences between participants’ constant self-confidence, independent samples t-test and two-way ANOVA was used. As a result, it was found that the participants’ sportive constant self-confidence was higher in women and participants who engage in individual sports. But, these levels were found to be moderate when considering the points that can be taken from the whole scale. Also, there was a significant difference in favor of those who professionally play sports. Keywords: Team sports, Individual sports, Constant sportive self-confidence

56-62

 


THE EFFECT OF MASSAGE ON SOME RECOVERY PARAMETERS

BİLGEHAN BAYDİL

VELİ VOLKAN GÜRSES

MUSTAFA CAN KOÇ

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was investigate the effect of total classic body massage on some recovery and circulation parameters. Fourteen non-athlete physically active male university students voluntarily participated in the study. Participants randomly divided into two group Massage Group (MG) and Control Group (KG). All participants were informed about the purpose of the study, food consumption and not join the exercise before the test. 30 second Wingate Test protocol was used as exhaustive exercise. Heart Rate (KAH), systolic (SKB) and diastolic (DKB) blood pressures and blood lactate measured immediately after and 15 min recovery after exhaustive exercise. During 15 min recovery, total classic body massage was applied to MG group. Passive recovery was applied to KG group. The Shapiro Wilk Test of normality was used to determine if the data were normally distributed. Pair Sample T-Test was used for data’s were normally distributed, Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test was used for data’s were not normally distributed. All analyses were set at p.05). Both groups blood lactate levels were significantly decreased (MG; t = 4.47, p = .004; KG; t = -2.36, p = .018). Blood lactate levels were determined as -51.60% and -24.63% on MG group and KG group respectively. Consequently, the total classic body massage thought to be effective on lactate removal level in short period of recovery. Key Words: Total body massage, Recovery, Circulation, Blood lactate

63-69

 


A QUALITATIVE RESEARCH ON THE UNEMPLOYMENT EXPERIENCES OF GRADUATES OF SPORT SCIENCES FACULTIES

MUAZZEZ ŞAŞMAZ ATAÇOCUĞU

MERT KEREM ZELYURT

ABSTRACT

Unemployment has been recognized as an important indicator of economies of the countries. Unemployment which expresses the status of complete unavailability of “labor” as the main factor of production, is a multidimensional problem, which can be encountered in all countries from less developed countries to developed countries. It is emerging in all sectors with various proportions and features. The research question of this paper was created by issues in the context of unemployment of graduates of the faculties of sports sciences which are raising labor supply to sports sector which is growing with every passing day. In the study, it was intended to analyze the unemployment experiences of faculty of sports sciences graduates (former words, the “PES”) and to put the variables about the causes and consequences of this experience forward. In this context, the study sample was selected from people who were graduated from 4 separate departments of relevant faculties and have experienced unemployment. The sample consists of 20 participants for a total, 7 Physical Education and Sports Teaching Department, 5 Sports Management Department, 4 Coaching Education Department, 4 Recreation Department graduates. In the study, “Semi-structured in-depth interview” which is a specific research technique peculiar to “Qualitative Method” was applied. Interviews were recorded on a voice recorder, transferred to the “Word” text. Related findings (text) subjected to content analysis, were classified under 5 themes that reflect the primary problematics relevant to the subject: 1. Unemployment Duration and Job Search Practices of Graduates, 2. The Perception of Employment in Anatolian Cities, 3. Pedagogic Formation Certificate as a Business Opportunity, 4. Effective Elements in Finding a Job, 5. The Perception of the Profession. From the results of the research, in general, the following tips were obtained: It appeared that those who have graduated from various departments of Faculties of Sports Sciences were exposed to a long duration of unemployment, finally they have to work outside of the department they have graduated or a completely different sector; legal regulations related the departments they graduated (pedagogic formation education), lack of sport facilities and materials in the city they live, issue of torpedo (nepotism), fewer job opportunities in the public sector, as well as precariousness of work in the private sector which offers various job opportunities play a role on unemployment of graduates. Key Words: Sport, Unemployment, PES, Sports Sciences, Pedagogic Formation

70-97

 


COMPARISON OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVEL AND FOOD ADDICTION OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS SCIENCE COLLEGE STUDENTS

MERT KAYHAN

ALPARSLAN ÜNVEREN

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to examine the physical activity level and food addiction of physical education and sport science students and to investigate the excessive food consumption. In the study in order to evaluate food addiction of students “Yale Food Addiction Scale” which was developed by Gearhardt et al. (2009) and adapted to Turkish by Bayraktar et al. (2012) were used as data gathering tools. Besides, in order to evaluate physical activity level of students “International Physical Activity Questionnaire” which was developed by Craig et al. (2003) and adapted to Turkish by Ozturk (2005) were used as data gathering tools. The information obtained as a result of the research was analyzed with the IBM SPSS statistics 23. According to the result of Yale Food Addiction Scale, 290 out of a total of 383 subjects who participated in the study met the diagnosis of food addiction. In addition, the most preferred food by students from the list of foods that problem from excessive food consumption was wafer/chocolate with 44.9%, the second one was 32.6% cola/soda, and 28.7% with chips in third. Food addiction has been observed in the majority of participants. Key Words: Yale Food Addiction Scale, Nutrition, Food Addiction, Physical Activity.

98-108

 


COACH CHANGING IN TURKEY AND EUROPE

BOLAT GÜNDÜZ

MERT KAYHAN

ABSTRACT

Many football teams in the world change technical directors first in case of a failure. As a result of this change, it is thought that the failure will be the end and the successful results will come soon (Egesoy 2010). The aim of this study is to compare of coach changes Turkey and some other countries teams which have at least one championship in last 20 years. In our work, Premier League England, Germany, Italy, Spain, Turkey, France, and Portugal have all teams that have won the championship in the last 20 years (n:38). The number of coach changes, the league championship numbers and the final numbers played in the European cups has been obtained from the transfermarkt.com. Descriptive statistics and one-way variance analysis were used for the analysis of the data. The coach changing numbers of team’s, which was in our study in last 20 years, was found 16.47±5.74. While average of coach changed in our country 20.25±3.4, England 11.20±9.33, Germany 15.83±6.14, Italy 18.20±4.14, Spain 19±3.80, France 15±4.89 and Portugal 18.25±4.11 was found. When the findings are examined, the coach average of the championship teams in our country during the last 20 years has been found high compared to Europe. Key Words: Europe, Turkey, Coach, Dismissal

109-116

 


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