Retraction Policy

  • During review:

If the author(s), reviewer(s) and/or editor in chief indicates a conflict of interest or unetical issue, submission can be retracted during review process. In such cases, as journal staffs, reviewers and editors spend lots of intellectual labor and its reward will be lost, no refund will be made to the author(s). 

  • Published articles:

If an unethical issue detected, the article text will be removed from table of content page, and instead, publish an explanation of the case in the summary page of the article. When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.